Not a city of sights, but a city with a pleasant atmosphere. Tuzla is located in the northeast of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the canton of Tuzla. It lies at the foot of the Majevica Mountains and on the rivers Jala and Solina. Tuzla is the third largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina with roots that go back to 1510 when the city served as a major garrison town in the Ottoman Empire. Today it is the main economic, touristic and cultural city in north-eastern Bosnia. Nowadays Tuzla is often visited for its salt square which is located in the city centre.
History of Tuzla
Tuzla has been inhabited for more than 6,000 years, making it one of the oldest cities in Europe. Due to the arrival of refugees, the population in Tuzla has considerably grown. There are still a number of old mosques in use, such as the Turalibeg mosque dating from 1572. Another city mosque, Čaršijska džamija, which was built in 1548, was completely renovated in 1874. In the middle of the square in front of the mosque you can find a beautiful wesma, a fountain for the ritual cleansing of the body. Close to the Čaršijska džamija is the Šarena džamija (Colourful Mosque) from the seventeenth century. The Roman Catholic St. Peter's Church was built in 1873 on the site where a Franciscan monastery used to stand. However, it had to be moved in 1987 because the ground under the church began to sag. The National Theatre that the Habsburgs built in 1898 is the oldest theatre of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Local groups regularly perform here, but performances in other languages are rare.
Writer and painter
No monuments, but well-known artists. The main street of the city is called Korzo and is famous for its writers and painters. Tuzla is proud of its many artists and shows this in its statues of the artists Ismet Mujezinovic and Meša Selimovic. Ismet Mujezinovic is one of the most famous twentieth-century painters of Bosnia and Herzegovina, known for his paintings about the struggle of the partisans in World War II. Meša Selimovic (1910-1982) is one of the greatest writers of the former Yugoslavia and wrote about the culture of the Ottoman Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
One of the ends of Korzo is called Kapija. At Kapija the road splits; on the left is Solni trg, the salt square of Tuzla which is often visited by tourists. In the past, bowls were used to draw water from the well which was left to evaporate, producing the salt. In 2004, the salt well was restored. You can also admire finds from the early Stone Age at the salt square. Tuzla is Turkish for 'place of salt'.